As a web developer wanting to stay relevant in the industry, you may be asking yourself, “what programming languages are essential for web developers in 2018?” And if you’re not asking yourself this, it’s time to start.

It’s important to stay on top of which web developer languages you need to know currently; that’s how you find and keep jobs. After doing some research and “being in the know,” Jeremy Robertson, who had taught the best languages for web development at DevMountain, shared with us his top five picks for programming languages web developers need to know in 2018.

#1 JavaScript

JavaScript started out as something of a novelty—a web programming language that allowed developers to incorporate improved interactivity within webpages. And while its function remains essentially the same, the increased focus on site usability has helped turn JavaScript into one of the most universally used front-end coding languages. Most sites use JavaScript to some degree, and it is supported plug-in free on all modern browsers. Developers use JavaScript to automate tasks within web pages, add animations, and include interactive features that allow for dynamic, reciprocal sites that can change and adapt to user input, without having to reload from the server. 

In addition to being vital to front-end development, it is also widely used in professional backend web development that programmers who are trained in JavaScript are generally in high demand. With the help of Node.JS, JavaScript can be used for backend development as well.

#2 C#

C# is a programming language that is very similar to Java, making it an easy option to pick up for those who are already Java savvy. C# is object oriented, which means that it allows developers to define what kinds of operations can be applied to the data structure, making it a useful addition to a well-rounded developer’s toolbox.

C# includes a number of strong programming features, including automatic garbage collection, assembly versioning, indexers, multithreading, and simple Windows integration. C# users enjoy the ability to create efficient programs as part of the .Net framework.

#3 Python

While many web development languages have a devoted developer community, the Python community is one of its most attractive features. The support offered by this community makes it an easily accessible option for new programmers, and its popularity is on the rise.

Python simplifies the coding process, offering intuitive solutions that really make it stand out from some of the more complex web languages.Other advantages of Python include its versatility and the fact that it’s an extremely effective teaching tool for beginner developers.

#4 Scala

Matt Hicks, freelance software engineer, wrote in an article that Scala “is a powerful high-level programming language that incorporates object-oriented and functional programming. It’s a type-safe language that relies on the JVM runtime.”

Although there is a big learning curve to Scala, in the end it is easier to use and will increase programmers’ productivity. It takes time to learn the code, but in the end it is a high time saver. Scala is on the rise, and today we can see some of the biggest companies in the world, such as LinkedIn or the Guardian, using it.

#5 Golang

Golang, also known as Go, was created by lead developers at Google in 2007. It has since become a more dominating web language, and one that programmers should be learning if they haven’t already. More and more companies are starting to use, or migrate, to Go.

Go, being the more specialized language that it is, is more difficult to learn, but once you know it you will be in high demand. The creators of Golang created this language loosely basing it on the syntax of the C programming language, eliminating the “extraneous garbage” of languages such as C++.

There are a lot of languages you can learn as a web developer, but in order to stay relevant and in high demand, it’s important to stay on top of which languages the industry is shifting to. If you have a different opinion of the top five languages to know in 2018, please share in the comments!